House Framing

House Framing Terms

House Framing Term Studs are the vertical members that
make up the exterior and interior walls of a house.  They can
either be 2x4 or 2x6, depending on the location and the
Framing Term Rafters are the wooden members that make up
the roof structure.  These could be 2x6, 2x8, or even 2x10
depending on the need or the type of structure.
House Framing Term Hip is the angle member of a roof that
normally projects or extends up from the corner of a house to
the ridge.  These make up the corners and are normally on a
45° angle with the body of a house.
House Framing Term Decking refers to the sheathing
plywood that is normally put on wood.  This can either be
half-inch OSB, half-inch CDX plywood or 5/8, there again,
depending on the shingles and the structure of the roof.  
Ceiling Joist
House Framing Term
Ceiling Joist are the horizontal
members that make up the ceiling and the house.  They can
be anywhere from a 2x6 up to a 2x12, depending on the
structure and whether there is a floor up above.
Hurricane Clip
House Framing Term
Clips are small metal clips that are
normally nailed from the top plate
to the edge to the side of the rafter
in order to hold a rafter to the top
plates.  This is very important in
certain parts of the country in
order to tie or create a system that
is all tied together.
House Framing
House Framing
House Framing
Toe Nail
House Framing Term
Toe Nail is
the act of nailing a vertical
member or horizontal member at
an angle down into a plate,
whether it is a top or bottom plate.  
House Framing Term
ridge is the main horizontal member that is the highest point of a
roof. All common rafters nail into the ridge. The ridge is larger in size than the rafters
depending on the load and span of the ridge. If the ridge spans a large distance without
braces, the ridge will be increased in size or doubled to increase the strength.
House Framing Term
knee wall is a short vertical wall that is built to support other
framing members, such as rafters or ceiling joists.
House Framing Strong Back
A strong back is a member that is made up of a 2 x 4 nailed flat on top of the ceiling
joists. Then a 2 x 6 is stood up vertically and nailed to the side of the 2 x 4. This is to
strenghten the ceiling joists and help to hold them straight.
House Framing Term
Sinkers are particular kinds of nails that are used in framing
today.  These are coated nails and come in all different sizes
House Framing Common Rafter
Common rafters are rafters that are all the same size. These rafters normally form the
main body of the roof. In a gable roof the common rafters will go all the way to the end. In
a hip roof the common rafters will be used until they reach the hip rafter.
House Framing Term
Corners are three blocks are spaced one on each end and one in the The three blocks are spaced one on each end and one in
the middle on top of a stud and nailed together. The second stud is then placed on the blocks and nailed. The last stud is then placed on the side of the
nailed pieces and nailed. The studs for Corners and T's should be hand picked and straight.for Corners and T's should be hand picked and straight.
Joist Hangers
House Framing Term
Joist Hangers are metal devices, which are nailed on the side of
girders or other beams in order to lay ceiling joists or floor joists in at another time.  Joist
hangers are used to create extra support depending on the weight load and the structure
House Framing Term
Deadwood refers to wood that is placed on top of walls in order to
give a place to nail sheet rock or other ceiling material at a later date
House Framing Term
T's are a particular type of framing that is put together out of studs.  
The t's are in use to give backing and support where one wall intersects another
Shear Panel
House Framing Term
Shear Panel refers to particular sections of a wall whether it is interior
or exterior that is nailed in a particular pattern to create a shear panel or extra bracing
depending on the structure or location
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