Category Construction Terms Glossary
Brick Types and Patterns
There are hundreds of types of brick depending on the design or application.
The most common brick is naturally called a common or modular brick. This Brick
Type is used in almost every application of standard brick work. This brick has
actual dimensions of 3 5/8" x 2 ¼" x 7 5/8". Common brick types are normally
manufactured with holes. When the brick are laid, the mortar will fill into the holes
and create a structurally sound wall. Modular brick type are also manufactured
without holes. These brick will be used both in wall structures and also as floor
A second Brick Type is a Queen size brick. This brick is a little larger than a
modular brick. This brick will give a different wall appearance than a modular brick
because of the difference in size. The actual dimension of a Queen sized brick
type is 3 1/8" x 2 ¾" x 9 5/8"
A third Brick Type is a King sized brick. The King sized brick type is a little smaller
than the Queen size but is similar to the Queen sized as far as it's applications.
The actual dimension of a King sized brick is 3" x 2 5/8" x 9 5/8"
Types of Brick Patterns:
Running bond is the most common brick pattern in modern times, as it is easy to
lay, with little waste. It is entirely composed of stretcher bricks, set in rows (or
"courses") that are offset by half a brick. Running bond is used to build a single
(one-brick thick) wall. In this case, wall ties are used to hold the brick to the wall.
English bond is made up of alternating courses of stretchers and headers. This
brick pattern produces a solid wall that is a full brick in depth. English bond is
fairly easy to lay and is the strongest bond for a one-brick-thick wall.
Header bond was a very common brick pattern for bearing walls. It is composed
of header bricks, set in rows that are offset half a brick, which produces a solid
easy to lay bond which is useful when building circular work. It is the most used
bond in Spanish brick constructions.
Flemish bond has historically always been considered the most decorative brick
pattern, and for this reason was used extensively for houses. It is created by
alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course. The next course is
laid so that a header lies in the middle of the stretcher in the course below. Again,
this bond is one brick thick.
When bricks are laid on alternating angles, it is a brick pattern called a
Herringbone. This is primarily a decorative style, more often used for paving or
fireplace reflectors than for walls. It is generally considered unsuitable for
load-bearing structures, but may be found as infill in traditional timber framed
A simple basket weave brick pattern is a decorative pattern imitates the weave of
a basket. It's also sometimes called a basket weave bond, and there are many
variations on the weave pattern, some very elaborate.
An American common brick pattern is made by laying the courses of headers
where they are separated by approximately five to seven courses of stretchers. On
occasion American common bond can be found with nine courses of stretchers
between courses of headers.